Pre-Feasibility Assessment of a Water Fund for the Ensenada Region: Infrastructure and Stakeholder Analyses

TitlePre-Feasibility Assessment of a Water Fund for the Ensenada Region: Infrastructure and Stakeholder Analyses
Publication TypeReport
Year of Publication2013
AuthorsMedellín-Azuara J, Mendoza-Espinosa L, Pells C, Lund JR
Pagination91 p.
Date Published06/2013
InstitutionCenter for Watershed Sciences, UC Davis
CityDavis, California
TypeReport
Keywordsagriculture, aquifer overdraft, desalination, ecosystem services, efficiency, Ensenada, groundwater, irrigation, Mexico, Water Funds, water supply, wineries
AbstractA Water Fund is a novel water management tool to economically compensate for environmental services. The Center for Watershed Sciences Conducted a Pre-Feasibility Assessment for A Water Fund in the Ensenada, Mexico region, commissioned by The Nature Conservancy. The Ensenada Region in Baja California provides ecosystem services such as habitat for native species, scenic beauty and headwaters to sustain population high-value agriculture in the coastal valleys. Groundwater overdraft, saline intrusion and institutional inefficiencies in the study area challenge long-term sustainability of the resource. The study concludes that a potential exist for a Water Fund and that ecosystem services can coexist with current and future development in the Ensenada Region. Key areas to target with a Water Fund are protection of headwaters and aquifer recharge, augmentation of water supply via water use efficiency, demand reduction and other sustainable water such as water recycling. Involvement of stakeholders is fundamental and encouraged for a successful Water Fund design, implementation and operation.
Refereed DesignationNon-Refereed