Projects Worked On
|California Water Myths||
In collaboration with the Public Policy Institute of California and other researchers, the Center prepared California Water Myths—a report highlighting eight common water myths, focusing on water supply, ecosystems and legal and governance issues. In providing information to combat these myths, the study establishes a more informed approach to water policy and management in California.
Myths of California Water: Virtual Tour was created as a interactive companion to the California Water Myths report. Experience aerial views of California in locations that relate to the myths and get in-depth information about the realities that combat these myths. The tour also provides links to visual images and further reading.
Interdisciplinary teams of Center scientists are investigating the causes for the decline of salmon and steelhead in Shasta River, historically one of the most productive tributaries in the lower Klamath Basin. A large spring complex (Big Springs Creek) provides the majority of its water, particularly during the summer.
Researchers are developing innovative approaches to restoring and sustainably managing this unique resource for both native fish and for irrigating local ranches and farms.
Though Shasta River provides only 1 percent of the Klamath River’s streamflow, it historically produced 50 percent of the Chinook salmon -- and it still produces enough fish to support a large proportion of California’s commercial and recreational salmon fishery. Improving freshwater habitat in the Shasta results in disproportionally large benefits for the lower Klamath Basin.
|Habitat Models for the Foothill Yellow-legged Frog||
Resource managers use a variety of tools in hydropower relicensing to determine impacts from flow prescriptions on sensitive aquatic species. For the Foothill yellow-legged frog (Rana boylii), instream flow modeling is one tool that can be used to assess habitat suitability for egg mass and tadpole life stages. Several instream flow modeling methods are commonly used (e.g., one-dimensional habitat modeling, two-dimensional hydrodynamic models, and expert habitat mapping) and all modeling techniques require that habitat suitability be defined for each target species and lifestage. The models and criteria typically focus on three key characteristics of instream aquatic habitats – water depth, water velocity, and substrate – but may include habitat conditions.
This study compares commonly used methods of defining habitat suitability criteria and applying those to instream flow models for R. boylii in the Sierra Nevada of California. First, regional habitat suitability criteria (HSC) are developed using standard univariate and multivariate techniques, and the predictive performance and transferability of different HSC methods are evaluated. Second, three of the most commonly used instream flow assessment techniques are evaluated: (1) one-dimensional habitat modeling, (2) two-dimensional hydrodynamic modeling, and (3) expert habitat mapping (judgement-based mapping by species experts). A comparison table is provided to aid resource managers in selecting the most appropriate habitat assessment method for R. boylii given the specific conditions of a hydropower relicensing project.
Lastly, this project provides a compilation of recent literature and reports on basic ecology of R. boylii and effects of river regulation. This compilation is presented on a new website, hosted by the USDA Forest, Pacific Southwest Research Station and includes maps, a bibliography with abstracts, and tabular and narrative summaries: (http://www.fs.fed.us/psw/